The DMCA is a synthesis of two WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) treaties. The two treaties are the WIPO Copyrights Treaty, and the Performances and Phonograms Treaty. The DMCA, very broadly, provides a standard for determining what is a copyright infringement and further mandates a system of civil remedies and criminal penalties if a violation has occurred. The two treaties that the DMCA is based off of also dealt with protection of intellectual properties from other countries that were members of the treaties. This theme is furthered in the DMCA as it provides rules for protection of works from other countries.